Photograph by Will Steger Foundation, Elizabeth Andre
About the Project
In March 2008, former National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Will Steger and an international team of emerging leaders embarked on a 1,400-mile (2,250-kilometer) dogsled expedition across Ellesmere Island, the northernmost island in the Canadian Arctic. The Ellesmere Island Expedition team conducted studies examining the impact of global warming on polar environments in an effort to bring worldwide attention to an international crisis.
The extent of summer ice covering the Arctic Ocean has diminished significantly in the past 25 years, and as global warming continues, forecasters believe the ice will keep shrinking. The Arctic region has already borne the burden of rising temperatures. Massive Arctic ice shelves, including the Ward Hunt and Ayles shelves, have lost hundreds of square miles of area due to calving. Diminishing ice shelves also imperil Arctic wildlife that depend on the ice for survival. Scientists fear global warming could drive polar bears to extinction sometime this century, and seals, walruses, caribou, and other Arctic wildlife may not be far behind.
Steger lead an expedition of six emerging leaders—including future policy-makers, inventors, photographers, filmmakers, environmentalists, and National Geographic Young Explorer grantees Ben Horton and Sarah McNair-Landry—on a 1,400-mile (2,250-kilometer) dogsled journey across Ellesmere Island. The team crossed fjords, mountain ranges, ice shelves, and sea ice, documenting the effects of global warming on the Arctic and bringing attention to the climate change crisis. Photographer James Balog and the Extreme Ice Survey team deployed four time-lapse cameras on Ellesmere Island to record the dramatic recession of glaciers there. Team members will post regular expedition dispatches updating audiences on their progress and their findings.
The Ellesmere Island Expedition is following in the footsteps of legendary polar explorers Robert Peary and Matthew Henson, who staged their journey to the North Pole from Ellesmere Island. The Ellesmere expedition, a collaboration with the National Geographic Society, the International Polar Year, James Balog's Extreme Ice Survey, and the Royal Norwegian Embassy, Washington, D.C., set off with the same spirit of exploration as its forebears—and a determination to save the Arctic for future explorers.
Critical Work in Research, Conservation, Exploration, and EducationSince 1888, National Geographic has supported exploration and discovery, bringing gems like Machu Picchu, undersea wonders, and new species to light. Our programs in field-based research, conservation, exploration, and education continue to provide the world with scientific breakthroughs and discoveries that inspire people everywhere to care about our planet. Today, a new generation of National Geographic explorers are redefining exploration. Living the mission and making the world a better place. Meet these explorers and learn more about our funded projects throughout the world.
Projects Currently in the Field
Where will Paul Salopek walk on his seven-year adventure? Find out as he updates us from the field.
A National Geographic-sponsored expedition to save the Critically Endangered Chinese swamp cypress.
Enric Sala and the team are exploring, researching, and helping to protect the last wild places in the ocean.
Carlton Ward hikes 1,000 miles to highlight a wildlife corridor from Central Florida to the Gulf Coast, through the Big Bend, and across the Panhandle all the way to Alabama.
Joel Sartore is documenting biodiversity to get people to care as species face extinction.
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- Carnivore Conservation: Preserving Africa’s Disappearing Lion Population
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Listen: Explorer Interviews
Listen to Nat Geo Explorer Interviews
Fascinating Conversations From Our Weekly Radio Show—Nat Geo Weekend
00:11:00 Bob Ballard
Boyd heads out of the studio to join National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Bob Ballard aboard his vessel the E/V Nautilus. Currently in Turkey, Ballard tells Boyd about the many shipwrecks he is finding in the Mediterranean. You can follow Ballard and his team, live as they explore the ocean at www.nautiluslive.org.
00:06:00 Valerie Clark
National Geographic grantee Valerie Clark licks frogs for a living. As Clark tells Boyd, she’s not looking for Prince Charming. Instead, she is studying how the diet of frogs in Madagascar relates to the toxicity of their skin.
00:11:00 Lee Berger Audio
National Geographic grantee and paleoanthropologist Lee Berger has been searching for the fossils of human ancestors, but it was his 9-year-old son who stumbled upon the find of a lifetime: a partial skeleton that may very well change our understanding of the genus Homo.
00:07:59 Brad Norman
Some go swimming with dolphins or stingrays, Brad Norman, National Geographic Emerging Explorer and marine conservationist, talks about swimming with the largest fish in the world: the whale shark. Norman speaks with Boyd about his research concerning whale shark habitats, tracking and conservation.
00:11:00 Losang Rabgey
National Geographic Emerging Explorer Losang Rabgey has found her life's work in strengthening rural communities on the Tibetan plateau, which includes building schools to educate local students. Rabgey joins Boyd with updates on the successful work of Machik, the non-profit she founded and now directs.
00:11:00 Dereck and Beverly Joubert
National Geographic Explorers-in-Residence Dereck and Beverly Joubert capture astounding images of African wildlife in their beautiful films. The Jouberts live in the African bush alongside the lions and other animals they profile. They explain to Boyd that, because big cats are in such danger, their work is now focused on conservation projects such as the Cause an Uproar program.
00:11:00 Nathan Wolfe
National Geographic Emerging Explorer and virus hunter Nathan Wolfe says there is a disease pandemic lurking just around the corner. But, we can prepare ourselves. Wolfe says there are even ways to harness and use the power of viruses. Wolfe joins Boyd to talk about his new book, The Viral Storm: The Dawn of a New Pandemic Age, which is changing the way we think about viruses.
00:09:00 Joshua Ponte Audio
National Geographic Emerging Explorer Joshua Ponte was a successful young English entrepreneur when, over breakfast one morning, his eye fell on a newspaper ad that said "Gorilla Reintroduction Program, Gabon." His life has never been the same since. Pursuing his passion for conservation, Ponte moved to a central African forest where 13 orphaned gorillas were being studied. Boyd talks with Ponte about the joys and dangers of raising young gorillas.
00:11:00 Wade Davis
How did the death and destruction of World War One lead young British climbers to attempt an epic conquest of Mount Everest? National Geographic Explorer in Residence Wade Davis answers that question in his new book “Into the Silence: The Great War, Mallory, and the Conquest of Everest.” Davis joins Boyd in the studio to chat about the book.
00:11:00 Sylvia Earle
National Geographic Explorer in Residence Sylvia Earle has been deeper undersea than any other woman. Earle is an oceanographer, explorer, author, lecturer, field scientist, and an inspiration to women around the world. She recently received the Royal Geographic Society’s 2011 Patron’s Medal. Boyd talks to Earle about some of her early dives in the Jim Suit.
00:11:00 Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner(blurb here)
00:08:00 Bruce Bachand
Many people picture archaeology as the swashbuckling adventure portrayed in the Indiana Jones trilogy. But in reality, it can be much more tedious than discovering the Holy Grail and fighting Nazis. National Geographic grantee Bruce Bachand has been meticulously sewing a 3,000 bead necklace back together in Mexico after discovering a pre-Olmec burial site that housed a tribal chief and his wife, undisturbed for several centuries.
00:09:00 Catherine Jaffee
Turkey is famed for its honey, which is music to Boyd's ears—he has a notorious sweet tooth. He visited National Geographic grantee Cat Jaffee, a beekeeper who left her job in Washington, D.C. to make honey in rural Turkey. She says that bees harvest pollen from their surroundings: the best honey comes from bees with natural surroundings, large meadows, rather than urban environments. Most people, Jaffee says, eat honey that is basically a synthetic mix of sugars from all over the world.
00:09:00 Elizabeth Lindsey
Most of human history existed before the advent of GPS technologies that can pinpoint where we are at any time. National Geographic Fellow and ethnonavigation expert, Elizabeth Lindsey has taken it upon herself to understand what it was like for Polynesian explorers to colonize tiny, remote islands across the south Pacific Ocean. To better appreciate the skills it takes to study the clouds and winds in search of land, Lindsey plans to join a team of Polynesian women who are island-hopping using traditional methods: no GPS, no cellphones and no compass.
00:11:00 Lucy Cooke