Post-Cold War southeastern Europe remained a theater of ethnic warfare. More than 70 percent of the population of Indonesias East Timor territory had fled violence following an overwhelming vote for independence. Thousands of Sri Lankans feared conflict between their government and the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. Millions of Africans had moved to escape killing fields in Burundi, Angola, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
In 2000, the largest refugee group in the world remained the Palestinians, who left their homeland, now Israeli territory, during the fight for a Jewish nation in the late 1940s. About 400,000 of the 3.5 million Palestinians registered with the United Nations were officially in Lebanon, though their leaders say only about half of them actually still lived there. Most of the rest had moved to Europe.
The 21st century dawned with little promise of world peace. Africa, the Middle East, and southeastern Europe remained cauldrons of political and ethnic animosities, grimly promising more uprooted people in the future.