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  Flying fox bat   Flying fox bat
Droves of flying fox bats gather upside down in the Borneo treetops, usually making a racket with loud shrieks and calls. They set off after dark to feast on the ripe fruit found in the forest. Unlike some bats, flying foxes use their sharp eyesight, more than echolocation, to navigate in the dark.

Long tongues make eating easier—in addition to fruit, the bats snack on pollen and flowers. They also use the tongues to groom themselves and each other as they hang upside down from the treetops.

  Leopard cat   Leopard cat
Only slightly larger than its domesticated relative, the leopard cat is a solitary hunter, preying upon small mammals and birds at night. This fierce feline is known for its striking leopard-like markings.

Ranging in color from yellowish brown to grayish brown, with a white underbelly, the leopard cat is distinguished by its leopard-like dark spots and streaks. Leopard cats measure between 18 and 30 inches (45 to 75 centimeters), with a tail around 12 inches (30 centimeters).

  Wallace's flying frog   Wallace’s flying frog
Leaping up to 50 feet (15 meters) between trees, Borneo’s largest flying frogs use their long webbed toes and specialized toe pads to glide through the night.

The Wallace’s flying frog is named after Alfred Russel Wallace, a Victorian naturalist who traveled in Borneo and collected local species. In 1855, a villager brought Wallace a specimen that he recorded as the first known flying frog.

Wallace’s flying frogs may be found in pig wallows, eating insects and other small invertebrates.

  Bearded pig   Bearded pig
With an odd resemblance to an Airedale terrier, the bearded pig has a dark brown, bristly coat and a wiry beard. It uses its long snout to churn up the earth, looking for the roots, earthworms, fruit, seedlings, and other forest offerings it eats.

When a female bearded pig is ready to give birth, she builds a large—up to 6 feet (1.8 meters) in diameter—nest of leaves and saplings on the forest floor. There she will typically give birth to two to eight piglets.

Primarily active by day, bearded pigs become nocturnal animals during their annual migrations within the rain forest, when they travel in herds on wide paths worn into the forest floor.

  Rafflesia   Rafflesia
The largest flower in the world is beautiful but stinky. The rafflesia’s five fleshy petals begin to rot soon after they blossom, giving off an odor of decay. Carrion flies, attracted to the stench, act as pollinators.

The rafflesia has no leaves or roots. A parasitic plant, it first emerges as a small bud attached to a stem or root of a host plant. After about nine months the plant blooms into a huge flower, reaching as much as 3 feet (0.9 meter) across.

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