Location: North Carolina
Date: September 1999
Intensity at landfall: Category Two
Damage: About 6 billion dollars
Though Hurricane Floyd was just a Category Two storm when it made landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina, on September 16, 1999, its torrential rains caused widespread flooding and billions of dollars in damage.
Floyd moved in on the Carolina coast after storming through the central Bahamas and leaving one person dead there.
The diameter of the huge storm ranged from 500 to 600 miles (800 to 966 kilometers). Hurricane watches were first issued for areas stretching from Dade County, Florida, to north of Brunswick, Georgia. Three million people were evacuated in Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina.
Then Floyd turned to the north, hitting North Carolina and dumping 15 inches (38 centimeters) of rain on the state in just 24 hours. The deluge followed just ten days after Tropical Storm Dennis dumped 6 inches (15 centimeters) of rain on the same area.
Rivers and creeks crested at levels not seen for centuries. People were stranded on cars and rooftops. Water overflowed into fields and farms, leaving more than three million dead turkeys, chickens, and hogs. Corn, cotton, and peanut crops were damaged.
Along the Tar River, the water crested at 24 feet (7.3 meters) above flood level, wiping out the town of Princeville.
Floods were responsible for 50 of the 56 deaths caused by Floyd in the United States.