-Web Links-

Africans in America: America’s Journey Through Slavery
The companion site to the PBS documentary explores the odyssey of African slaves in America, from the arrival of Europeans in Africa to the American Civil War.

Exploring Amistad
This site recounts the 1839 rebellion of African slaves who commandeered their captors’ ship off the Cuban coast, stood trial before the U.S. Supreme Court, and later returned to Africa.

National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
Find current news, recent historical research, video clips, links and other resources on this site maintained by a museum and education center in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Testimony of the Canadian Fugitives
Read the accounts of three escaped slaves as told to Benjamin Drew, a Boston abolitionist who traveled through Canada in the 1850s.

The Underground Railroad in Franklin County
Pro- and antislavery forces converged in this Virginia county on the Mason-Dixon Line.

The William Still Underground Railroad Foundation, Inc.
Find more information about William Still, a leader of the Underground Railroad.


-NGS Resources-

(For a comprehensive list of the Society’s publications, go to the NGS Publications Index.)


Johnston, Robert D. The Making of America. 2002.




Zeinert, Karen. “Against All Odds: The Incredible Journey of the Amistad Captives.” Pages 10-14, April 1998.


-Additional Resources-

Ball, Edward. Slaves in the Family. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1998.

Blockson, Charles L. The Underground Railroad: First-person Narratives of Escapes to Freedom in the North. Prentice Hall Press, 1987.

Curtis, John Obed. “Following the Drinking Gourd.” Early American Homes. Pages 34-36, February 1998.

Filler, Louis. Crusade Against Slavery: Friends, Foes, and Reforms, 1820-1860. Reference Publications, 1986.

Johnson, Charles and Patricia Smith. Africans in America: America’s Journey Through Slavery. Harcourt Brace, 1998.

Mallory, Maria. “Bound for Freedom.” U.S. News and World Report. Pages 78-83; April 14, 1997.

Meredith, Robyn. “In Detroit, Black Pride Where Slaves Once Hid.” The New York Times. Section 5, Page 8; July 6, 1997.

Sprague, Stuart Seely, ed. His Promised Land: The Autobiography of John P. Parker, Former Slave and Conductor on The Underground Railroad. W. W. Norton, 1996.

Still, William. The Underground Railroad: A Record of Facts, Authentic Narratives, Letters and C. Narrating the Hardships. Johnson Publishing, 1975.

Turner, Glennette Tilley. “Forging the Freedom Trail.” National Parks. Pages 30-33, July/August 1998.

Webster, Donovan. “Traveling the Long Road to Freedom, One Step at a Time.” Smithsonian. Pages 48-61, October 1996.