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Lewis and Clark
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From the Expedition Journals

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image: August 1, 1806

Journal excerpts and maps from Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, edited by Reuben Gold Thwaites


"Musquetors excessively troublesom so much that the men complained that they could not work at their Skins for those troublesom insects. and I find it entirely impossible to hunt in the bottoms, those insects being so noumerous and tormenting as to render it imposseable for a man to continue in the timbered lands and our best retreat from those insects is on the Sand bars in the river and even those Situations are only clear of them when the Wind Should happen to blow.... the evenings nights and mornings they are almost [un]indureable perticularly by the party with me who have... nothing to Screen them but their blankets which are worn and have maney holes. The torments of those Missquetors and the want of a Suffice[n]cy of Buffalow meat to dry... induce me to deturmine to proceed on to a more eliagiable Spot on the Missouri below at which place the Musquetors will be less troublesom and Buffalow more plenty.... Wrote a note to Capt. Lewis informing him of my intentions and tied it to a pole which I had stuck up in the point."


"Shields and Gibson returned at 10 A.M. with the Skins and part of the flesh of three deer which they had killed in this bottom. I derected them to take one of the Skin Canoes and proceed down to the next bottom and [hunt] untill my arrival.... My object is to precure as many skins as possible for the purpose of purchaseing Corn and Beans of the Mandans. as we have now no article of Merchandize nor horses to purchase with, our only resort is Skins which those people were very fond [of] the winter we were Stationed near them."


"Capt. Lewis hove in Sight with the party which went by way of the Missouri as well as that which accompanied him from Travellers rest on Clarks river; I was alarmed on the landing of the Canoes to be informed that Capt. Lewis was wounded by an accident. I found him lying in the Perogue, he informed me that his wound was slight and would be well in 20 or 30 days this information relieved me very much. I examined the wound and found it a very bad flesh wound the ball had passed through the fleshey part of his left thy below the hip bone and cut the cheek of the right buttock for 3 inches [7.6 centimeters] in length and the debth of the ball. Capt. L. informed me the accident happened the day before by one of the men Peter Crusat misstaking him in the thick bushes to be an Elk.... Capt. Lewis thinking it indians who had Shot him hobbled to the canoes as fast as possible and was followed by Crusat, the Mistake was then discovered. This Crusat is near Sighted and has the use of but one eye, he is an attentive industrious man and one whome we both have placed the greatest confidence in dureing the whole rout."

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