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Lewis and Clark
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From the Expedition Journals

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image: Route from September 10-23, 1804

image: Route for September 24-October 2, 1804

Journal excerpts and maps from Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, edited by Reuben Gold Thwaites


"At the tops of these hills the country breakes of[f] as usual into a fine leavel plain extending as far as the eye can reach.... the surrounding country had been birnt about a month before and young grass had now sprung up to hight of 4 Inches [10 centimeters] presenting the live green of the spring... this senery already rich pleasing and beatiful was still farther hightened by immence herds of Buffaloe, deer Elk and Antelopes which we saw in every direction feeding on the hills and plains. I do not think I exagerate when I estimate the number of Buffaloe which could be compre[hend]ed at one view to amount to 3000."


"Three Souex boys Came to us Swam the river and informd. that the Band of Seauex called the Tetongues (Tetons) of 80 Lodges were Camped at the next Creek above, & 60 Lodges more a Short distance above, we gave those boys two Carrots of Tobacco to Carry to their Chiefs, with directions to tell them that we would Speek to them tomorrow."


"We feel much at a loss for the want of an interpeter the one we have can Speek but little....

"Envited those Cheifs on board to Show them our boat and such Curiossities as was Strange to them, we gave them 1/4 a glass of whiskey which they appeared to be verry fond of, Sucked the bottle after it was out & Soon began to be troublesom... I went with those Cheifs ... to Shore with a view of reconsileing those men to us... The Chiefs Soldr. Huged the mast and the 2d Chief was verry insolent both in words & justures (pretended Drunkenness & staggered up against me ) declareing I should not go on, Stateing he had not receved presents sufficient from us, his justures were of Such a personal nature I felt My self Compeled to Draw my Sword (and Made a Signal to the boat to prepare for action) at this Motion Capt. Lewis ordered all under arms in the boat, those with me also Showed a Disposition to Defend themselves and me, the grand Chief then took hold of the roap & ordered the young Warrers away, I felt My Self warm & Spoke in verry positive terms.

"Most of the Warriers appeared to have ther Bows strung and took out their arrows from the quiver. as I (being surrounded) was not permited (by
) to return, I Sent all the men except 2 [Interpreters] to the boat, the perogue Soon returned with about 12 of our determined men ready for any event.... I offered my hand to the 1. & 2. Chiefs who refusd. to receve it. I turned off and went with my men on board the perogue. I had not prosd. more [than] 10 paces before the... Brave Men Waded in after me. I took them in & went on board ...

"I call this Island bad humered Island as we were in a bad humer."


"In about 10 minits the bank was lined with men armed the 1st. Cheif at their head... about 60 men... continued on the bank all night.... This allarm I as well as Capt. Lewis Considered as the Signal of their intentions (which was to Stop our proceeding on our journey and if Possible rob us) we were on our Guard all night, the misfortune of the loss of our Anchor obliged us to Lay under a falling bank much exposd. to the accomplishment of their hostile intentions. P.C. our Bowman who cd. Speek Mahar informed us in the night that the Maha Prisoners informed him we were to be Stoped. we Shew as little Sighns of a Knowledge of their intentions as possible all prepared on board for any thing which might hapen, we kept a Strong guard all night in the boat, no Sleep."

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