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From the Expedition Journals

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image: Route for October 15-21, 1804

Journal excerpts and maps from Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, edited by Reuben Gold Thwaites


"... at 11 oClock we met the Grand Cheif in Councel and he made a Short Speech thanking us for what we had given him... & informed us the road was open & no one dare Shut it, & we might Departe at pleasure... we also visited the upper or 3rd Village each of which gave us Something to eate in their way, and a fiew bushels of Corn Beens etc. after being treated by everry civility by those people who are both pore & Durtey we returned to our boat... Those people gave us to eate bread made of Corn & Beens, also Corn and Beens boild. a large Been (of) which they rob the mice of the Prarie (who collect & discover it) which is rich & verry nurrishing also [S]quashes etc. all Tranquillity."


"We joined the Indians who were waiting on the bank for us to come out and go and councel... This man Spoke at Some length declareing his dispotion to believe and prosue our Councils, his intention of going to Visit his great father acknowledged the Satisfaction in receiveing the presents etc. rais’g a Doubt as to the Safty in passing the Nations below particularly the Souex. requested us to take a Chief of their nation and make a good peace with Mandins & nations above."


"The recarees are not fond of Spiritous liquers, nor do they apper to be fond of Receiveing any or thankfull for it. [they say we are no friends or we would not give them what makes them


"Seeted on a roabe by the Side of the Chief, he threw a handsom Roabe over me and after smokeing the pipe with Several old men around, the Chief spoke.

"Said he believed what we had told them, and that peace would be general, which not only gave him Satisfaction but all his people, they now could hunt without fear, & ther womin could work in the fields without looking everry moment for the enemey, and put off their mockersons at night.… I answered the Speech which Satisfied them verry much, and returned to the boat. met the princapal Chief of the 3rd. Village and the Little Crow both of which I invited into the Cabin and Smoked & talked with for about one hour. Soon after those Chiefs left us, the Grand Chief of the Mandans came Dressed in the Clothes we had given."


"This Morning at Daylight I went down the river with 4 men to look for a proper place to winter proceeded down the river three miles [4.8 kilometers] & found a place well Supld. with wood, & returned... formed a Camp, near where a Small Camp of Indians were hunting cut down the Trees around our Camp... a fine day maney Indians to view us to day"


"a fine morning we continued to cut Down trees and raise our houses, a Mr. Chaubonie (Chaboneau), interpeter for the Gross Ventre nation Came to See us... to [hear] what we had told the Indians in Council."


"the Big White Grand Chief of the 1st Village, came and informed us that a large Drove of Buffalow was near and his people was wating for us to join them in a chase Capt. Lewis took 15 men & went out joined the Indians... Killing the Buffalow on Horseback with arrows which they done with great dexterity."

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