Home Forum Resources Shop Journey Log Back to map


Lewis and Clark
SHOWING RECORD: 3 of 23   Oregon Ruffed Grouse
PreviousNextJournals and Maps
image: Oregon Ruffed Grouse
Illustration from Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia/Corbis
Oregon Ruffed Grouse

Bonasa umbellus sabini

Subspecies of Ruffed Grouse

First Noted by Expedition
September 20, 1805, on the Lolo Trail, Idaho.

A brown or gray-brown, chickenlike bird with slight crest, fan-shaped, black-banded tail, barred flanks, and black "ruffs" on sides of neck. Length: 16-19 in (41-48 cm).

Female gives soft henlike clucks. In spring displaying male sits on a log and beats the air with his wings, creating a drumming sound that increases rapidly in tempo.

Resident from tree line in Alaska and northern Canada south to California, Wyoming, Minnesota, Missouri, and Carolinas, and in Appalachians to Georgia.

Long one of the most highly esteemed game birds in North America, the ruffed grouse can withstand hunting pressure as long as suitable habitat exists. But in many areas forests are maturing, eliminating the undergrowth this species needs.

Species information from enature.com

Subscribe Online
Your subscriptions help National Geographic conservation efforts worldwide >>

Blue Catfish
Franklin's Spruce Grouse
Oregon Ruffed Grouse
Steller's Jay
Common Snowberry
Dwarf Mountain Fleabane
Engelmann's Spruce
Lodgepole Pine
Pacific Yew
Ponderosa Pine
Sitka Alder