Home Forum Resources Shop Journey Log Back to map



intro1234567891011121314151617181920212223


Timeline
Lewis and Clark
SHOWING RECORD: 9 of 12   Prairie Horned Lark
PreviousNextJournals and Maps
image: Prairie Horned Lark
Photograph by D. Robert & Lorri Franz/Corbis
Prairie Horned Lark

Eremophila alpestris leucolaema

Subspecies of Horned Lark



First Noted by Expedition
April 10, 1805, Fort Mandan, North Dakota.
 

Description
Larger than a sparrow. Brown, with black stripe below eye and white or yellowish stripe above, black crescent on breast, and black "horns" (not always seen). Walks rather than hops. Length: 7-8 in (18 to 20 cm).
 

Voice
A soft ti-ti. Song delivered in flight is a high-pitched series of tinkling notes.
 

Habitat
Plains, fields, airports, and beaches.
 

Range
Breeds in Alaska and Canadian Arctic, coastal Canada, and south throughout all of United States except Southeast. Winters from southern Canada southward.
 

Note
This bird is philopatric, or faithful to its birthplace, where it returns after every migration. Consequently, each local population adapts to the color of its habitat; 15 distinct subspecies have been described in the West. Head pattern determines subspecies.

Species information from enature.com
ADVERTISEMENT

Subscribe Online
Your subscriptions help National Geographic conservation efforts worldwide >>



ADVERTISEMENT
Audubon's Mountain Sheep
Grizzly Bear
Montana Great Horned Owl
North American Porcupine
Northern Bobcat
Northern Flicker
Northern Pocket Gopher
Northern Short-Tailed Shrew
Prairie Horned Lark
Purple Coneflower
Montana prairie