November 1, 1805, along the Columbia River, Washington.
Handsome evergreen tree with tall, reddish-brown trunk and open, narrow, rounded, or irregular crown of stout, smooth red branches. Height: 20-80 ft (6-24 m). Diameter: 2 ft (0.6 m).
Upland slopes and canyons; in oak and coniferous forests, often in understory.
Pacific Coast from southwestern British Columbia south to western Oregon and in coast ranges to southern California; also Sierra Nevada of central California and Santa Cruz Island; to 5,000 ft (1,524 m); sometimes to 6,000 ft (1,829 m).
It is the northernmost New World tree of its family, ranging to Canada.