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Lewis and Clark
SHOWING RECORD: 8 of 9   Water Birch
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image: Water Birch
Photograph by Darrell Gulin/Corbis
Water Birch

Betula occidentalis



First Noted by Expedition
August 3, 1805, along the Jefferson River, Montana.
 

Description
Shrub or small tree with rounded crown of spreading and drooping branches, usually forming clumps and often in thickets. Flowers tiny, yellowish or greenish. Height: 25 ft (7.6 m). Diameter: 6-12 in (15-30 cm).
 

Habitat
Moist soil along streams in mountain canyons, usually in coniferous forests and with cottonwoods and willows.
 

Range
Northeastern British Columbia, east to southern Manitoba, and south to northern New Mexico and California; at 2,000-8,000 ft (610-2,438 m).
 

Note
This uncommon but widespread species is the only native birch in the Southwest and the southern Rocky Mountains. Sheep and goats browse the foliage.

Species information from enature.com
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