Large to very large tree with broad, open, conical crown of spreading branches; 3 distinct geographic varieties. Needles evergreen; usually two or three in bundle (2-5 in varieties); generally 4-8 in (10-20 cm) long. Stout, stiff, dark green. Height: 60-130 ft (18-39 m). Diameter: 2.5-4 ft (0.8-1.2 m), sometimes larger.
Mostly in mountains in pure stands, forming extensive forests; also in mixed coniferous forests.
Widely distributed; Southern British Columbia east to southwestern North Dakota, south to Trans-Pecos Texas, and west to southern California; also northern Mexico.
This is the most widely distributed and common pine in North America.