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image: Ponderosa Pine
Photograph by Buddy Mays/Corbis
Ponderosa Pine
(Yellow Pine)

Pinus ponderosa

First Noted by Expedition
October 1, 1805, at Canoe Camp, Montana.

Large to very large tree with broad, open, conical crown of spreading branches; 3 distinct geographic varieties. Needles evergreen; usually two or three in bundle (2-5 in varieties); generally 4-8 in (10-20 cm) long. Stout, stiff, dark green. Height: 60-130 ft (18-39 m). Diameter: 2.5-4 ft (0.8-1.2 m), sometimes larger.

Mostly in mountains in pure stands, forming extensive forests; also in mixed coniferous forests.

Widely distributed; Southern British Columbia east to southwestern North Dakota, south to Trans-Pecos Texas, and west to southern California; also northern Mexico.

This is the most widely distributed and common pine in North America.

Species information from enature.com

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