Home Forum Resources Shop Journey Log Back to map



intro1234567891011121314151617181920212223


Timeline
Lewis and Clark
SHOWING RECORD: 15 of 23   Western Red Cedar
PreviousNextJournals and Maps
image: Western Red Cedar
Photograph by Wolfgang Kaehler/Corbis
Western Red Cedar
(Western Arborvitae, Canoe Cedar)

Thuja plicata



First Noted by Expedition
September, 1805, on the Lolo Trail.
 

Description
Large to very large tree with tapering trunk, buttressed at base, and with a narrow, conical crown of short, spreading branches drooping at ends; foliage is resinous and aromatic. Height: 100-175 ft (30-53 m) or more. Diameter: 2-8 ft (0.6-2.4 m) or more.
 

Habitat
Moist, slightly acid soils; forming widespread forests with western hemlock, also with other conifers.
 

Range
Southeastern Alaska southeast along coast to northeastern California; also southeastern British Columbia south in Rocky Mountains to western Montana.
 

Note
Indians of the Northwest coast carved their famous totem poles and split lumber for their lodges from this durable softwood. The name "canoe cedar" refers to the special war canoes hollowed out of its giant trunks.

Species information from enature.com
ADVERTISEMENT

Subscribe Online
Your subscriptions help National Geographic conservation efforts worldwide >>



ADVERTISEMENT
Sitka Mountain Ash
Subalpine Fir
Western Larch
Western Red Cedar
Whitebark Pine
Flathead Indians
Nez Perce Indians
Bitterroot Autumn
Bitterroot Meadow
Bitterroot Mountains
Bitterroot River