Home Forum Resources Shop Journey Log Back to map


Lewis and Clark
SHOWING RECORD: 11 of 16   Tillamook Indians
PreviousNextJournals and Maps
Tillamook Indians

First Noted by Expedition
While wintering at Fort Clatsop, November 1805 to March 1806

Settled in villages from the mouth of the Necanicum River south to Tillamook Bay, the Tillamook were Salish Indians living in what is now northwest Oregon. Like their neighboring tribes, Tillamook depended on salmon. They caught enough fish during the annual salmon run—April to October—to last a year. What they didn't eat fresh, they dried and pounded into a powder for later.

When Lewis and Clark first encountered the tribe in 1805, in one village there were about 1,000 people living in 50 houses. Houses were often occupied by extended families of about 20 to 30 people.

By the mid-19th century the Tillamook had declined to about 200 people. Descendants of the Tillamook still reside in Oregon, but the tribe is no longer officially organized.


Subscribe Online
Your subscriptions help National Geographic conservation efforts worldwide >>

Alsea Indians
Cathlamet Indians
Chehalis Indians
Chinook Indians
Clackamas Indians
Clatsop Indians
Cowlitz Indians
Quinault Indians
Siletz Indians
Siuslaw Indians
Tillamook Indians