From the air, drone photography exposes the economic divide within cities. Roads, canals, and fences become barriers that split the land separating the rich and poor.

Stark images from Johnny Miller’s series “Unequal Scenes” highlight the uneven development of cities. Makeshift shacks butt against developments in Mumbai. Lots sit empty in Detroit while an adjoining neighborhood flourishes. An electric fence buzzes around an affluent community in South Africa. The landscape shows how barriers—both man-made and otherwise—reinforce the disparities in urban centers.

Johnny Miller is a photographer based in South Africa. For more of his work see his website and follow him on Instagram @millefotosa.