- Take a guided tour of Atapuerca, where Europe’s oldest known hominin fossils were unearthed.
- Meet a local expert on the famed Lascaux cave on a specially arranged visit to the newly opened International Centre for Cave Art.
- Enjoy a lecture from Christine Desdemaines-Hugon, one of the world’s leading experts on Paleolithic art.
- Discover Castel-Merle’s complex of prehistoric stone shelters, and savor a “prehistoric” meal made with ingredients used by Neanderthals thousands of years ago.
Trace the footsteps of early humans as we explore the cradle of civilization in southwest France and on Spain’s northern coast. On an expedition designed with paleoanthropologist Donald Johanson, examine carvings and cave paintings that illustrate life up to 40,000 years ago. From the Dordogne to Basque Country, stay in beautiful medieval towns that dot these long-inhabited landscapes.
Arrive at Madrid-Barajas Adolfo Suárez Airport (MAD) in Madrid and settle into our hotel. On a walking tour, visit the National Archaeological Museum and El Retiro Park. Gather this evening for a welcome dinner.
Journey to the Cantabria region on Spain’s northern coast and visit Atapuerca, where the oldest known hominin fossil remains in Europe have been unearthed. Later, transfer to our charming hotel, a manor house situated in the heart of the medieval village of Santillana del Mar.
Come face-to-face with some of the oldest artistic representations in human history on a visit to the caves at Puente Viesgo, part of the Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain World Heritage site. Recently identified as the oldest cave artwork in the world, the paintings in El Castillo Cave date back at least 40,800 years. Explore the nearby Las Monedas Cave—the longest in Puente Viesgo. Continue our exploration of Cantabria’s UNESCO World Heritage–listed cave art at El Pendo, situated in the heart of the Camargo Valley. El Pendo is home to a magnificent “frieze of paintings,” which dates from around 20,000 B.C. The panel—measuring more than 80 feet in length—depicts deer, a goat, a horse, and other intriguing symbols.
Begin the day with a visit to the Altamira Museum and delve deeper into the prehistory of the region. After our visit, drive to San Sebastián and enjoy a walking tour before having the rest of the day at leisure in this lively culinary capital of the Basque Country.
Cross into France and travel through the Bordeaux region to Saint-Émilion, a medieval village surrounded by centuries-old vineyards and a designated World Heritage site. Tour the village’s Monolithic Church and catacombs, which were carved out of a limestone hill in the 12th century. Continue to the beautiful Dordogne region—still commonly known by its pre-Revolutionary name, Périgord. Here, rivers have carved up the limestone landscape, leaving cliffs and caves where prehistoric humans created beautiful and mysterious artworks for tens of thousands of years. Settle into your country hotel in the Vézère Valley.
This morning, venture into the spectacular natural galleries of Pech Merle, an enormous cave system filled with prehistoric art and artifacts dating back 25,000 years. See rare representations of human figures, engraved and spotted animals, and a mammoth drawn using the natural contours of the rock. The cave floor displays children’s footprints set in the ancient clay more than 12,000 years ago. Later, stroll the charming lanes of Saint-Cirq Lapopie, and end the day with a lecture by Sandrine Geraud, an expert on the Lascaux Caves.
Enjoy a lecture from Christine Desdemaines-Hugon, one of the world's leading experts on Paleolithic art and author of Stepping Stones: A Journey Through the Ice Age Caves of the Dordogne then set out on a guided tour of the National Museum of Prehistory. After lunch on your own in the nearby town of Les Eyzies-de-Tayac visit Font-de-Gaume, home to more than 200 polychrome paintings.
On a specially arranged visit to the International Centre for Cave Art, meet with a local guide and prehistoric cave expert. The center was opened in December, 2016 and houses Lascaux IV, the most complete recreation of the original Lascaux Cave system, whose famous paintings have been off-limits to visitors since 1963 to prevent deterioration. A team of scientists, technicians, and artists have painstakingly recreated the hundreds of paintings and engravings in great detail utilizing cutting-edge laser imaging and 3D-printing technology. Later, join archaeologist Isabelle Castanet for a visit to Castel-Merle, a complex of prehistoric stone shelters more than 300 feet long, excavated and preserved by several generations of the Castanet family. See a flint knapping demonstration and try your hand at spear throwing using prehistoric techniques. Gather for a unique “prehistoric” meal made with the ingredients once used by Neanderthals. End the day with a visit to the majestic sculpted frieze of horses and bison in the shelter of the cliffs at Cap Blanc.
Explore Rouffignac Cave, known as the “cave of a hundred mammoths,” then continue to Bordeaux, a thriving port town since the Roman era. Set out on a walking tour of the city and enjoy free time to explore the city before gathering for a farewell dinner.
After breakfast, transfer to the Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport (BOD) and catch your flight home.