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When I was in kindergarten, I had a very old teacher who had some very old ideas about left-handedness. To her—and many others of her time—being left-handed was considered a disability. So anytime I pulled out a pencil, she’d yank it from my left hand and force it into my right.
In my teacher’s mind, she was trying to cure me. In my mother’s mind, she was preying on me. Marching straight to the principal’s office, my mom went on the attack to protect her southpaw daughter from a perceived predator. It’s not exactly a gazelle head butting a baboon to defend her fawn. But both human and animal moms come in all forms of amazing—even when the baddies are elderly kindergarten teachers.
Here are five other examples of wild moms teaching, protecting, and accepting their young.
It might seem strange to care about a tadpole, but strawberry poison dart frog moms certainly care about theirs. After her eggs hatch, the mother carries up to ﬁve tadpoles on her back to bromeliad plants in Central American rainforests. She deposits each tadpole into the water-ﬁlled center of its own bromeliad, where the leaves have grown into a rosette, similar to the shape of the top of a pineapple. Every day for nearly two months, she returns to the plants to care for her babies and lays up to ﬁve unfertilized eggs for each tadpole to chow down on. This frog mom doesn’t really care that her babies don’t look like her—yet. She’s still going to care for them no matter what.
As the world’s fastest land mammal, cheetahs are often considered to be the perfect predator. But they certainly aren’t born ready for that role. In fact, newborn cheetahs have no survival instincts, which leaves them pretty helpless. Luckily, Mom is on the case. It’s up to her to teach them the skills they need in order to grow up strong, fast, and successful. For two years, they’ll watch her closely. They’ll learn how to use their spotted coats to blend in with the African grasslands. They’ll observe how to burst onto their prey and bring it down quickly. When it comes to surviving and thriving, their mother is the best teacher they could have.
Don’t mess with mom
Most people wouldn’t consider giving a crocodile a Mother of the Year award. Yet despite their ﬁerce reputations—a 20-foot Nile croc will take down everything from a zebra to a human—these reptiles are actually devoted mothers. Most reptiles lay their eggs and then disappear forever. But a crocodile mom keeps a close watch on her nest after she’s buried her eggs, guarding it for three months from potential predators. Her babies will make high-pitched squeals when they’re about to hatch, and Mom will quickly dig up the eggs. Once hatched, the babies ride in Mom’s mouth as she carries them to the water, where they’ll live under her protection for about two years. Seems like when it comes to crocodiles, an outer toughness hides an inner gentleness.
All in the family
Every child needs a role model to look up to and learn from. Luckily for baby African elephants, they’re surrounded by them! Related females help raise all the calves in a herd and set examples through their behavior. When a mom makes a tool, such as a ﬂyswatter out of a leafy branch, a young elephant will make one too. If a female uses her trunk to forage for food like berries, leaves, and grasses, the baby will do the same to learn what’s edible. Young elephants even learn parenting skills by watching another mom—when she gently wraps her trunk around her newborn calf and lifts it to its feet, for example. In the elephant world, there’s no shortage of strong female role models.
Humpback whales are solitary creatures. Unlike dolphins or orcas that travel in pods, humpbacks prefer to keep to themselves and swim solo. Except, that is, moms and babies, who share an incredible bond. After bringing the baby to the water’s surface for its ﬁrst breath, the humpback whale mother stays with her calf for a year, never straying more than a body length away. She’ll patiently watch the baby unsuccessfully attempt to breach or ﬂap its tail, then demonstrate proper humpback technique. Moms and babies will also touch each other’s ﬂippers in what many believe is a gesture of aﬀection. The humpback mother’s constant support means that one day her baby will be able to dive headﬁrst into life on its own.
Excerpted from Amazing Moms: Love and Lessons From the Animal Kingdom. Copyright © 2016 National Geographic Society. All rights reserved.