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Lewis and Clark
SHOWING RECORD: 37 of 50   Grand Fir
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image: Grand Fir
Photograph by Tom Bean/Corbis
Grand Fir

Abies grandis

First Noted by Expedition
February 6, 1806, at Fort Clatsop, Oregon.

One of the tallest true firs, with narrow, pointed crown of stout, curved, and slightly drooping branches. Height: 100-200 ft (30-61 m). Diameter: 1.5-3.5 ft (0.5-1 m).

Valleys and mountain slopes in cool, humid climate; in coniferous forests.

Southern British Columbia south along coast to California; also south in Rocky Mountain region to central Idaho; to 1,500 ft (457 m) along coast; to 6,000 ft (1,829 m) inland.

Common and scientific names refer to the large size; the champion in Olympic National Park, Washington, is 231 ft (70.4 m) tall with a circumference of 20.7 ft (6.3 m).

Species information from enature.com

From the Expedition Journals
William Clark
Tuesday, February 4, 1806

"There are several species of Fir in this neighbourhood which I shall describe as well as my botanicle skill will will enable me.... No. 1, a species which grows to an emence size; verry commonly 27 feet [8 meters] in surcumferonce at 6 feet [1.8 meters] above the surface of the earth, and in several instances we have found them as much a[s] 36 feet [11 meters] in the girth, or 12 feet [3.7 meters] Diameter perfectly solid & entire. they frequently rise to the hight of 230 feet [70 meters]; and 120 or 130 [36.6 or 40 meters] of that hight without a limb."

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