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Lewis and Clark
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image: Kickapoo Indians
Photograph of a Kickapoo wickiup lodging from Corbis
Kickapoo Indians

First Noted by Expedition
February 1804

Like other Plains tribes, the Kickapoo subsisted by some farming and some buffalo hunting. They lived in permanent villages when they weren't raiding or hunting, raising corns, beans, and squash.

Other than a February 1804 meeting in St. Louis before the expedition really started, the Americans had only minimal contact with the Kickapoo Nation. On the Corps' return journey in September 1806, Clark noted passing 12 canoes of Kickapoo.

A much-traveled Algonquian tribe, the Kickapoo by 1824 had ceded its second set of lands to the U.S. government and moved from Illinois to Missouri. Soon after they moved on to Kansas. Some next moved on to Mexico, while others eventually settled in the Indian Territories of Oklahoma.

Today the Kickapoo live in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Mexico. A 1990 census records 3,577 Kickapoo within Oklahoma, Texas, and Kansas.

From the Expedition Journals

"at half after 7 A.M. we Set out. passed 12 canoes of Kickapoos assending on a hunting expedition."

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Kickapoo Indians
Missouri River