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3. HAD THERE EVER BEEN AN ATTACK LIKE PEARL HARBOR?
 

On the night of November 11, 1940, a single British aircraft carrier in the Mediterranean launched 20 Swordfish torpedo biplanes against Italian battleships anchored in the harbor of Taranto. One Italian battleship was sunk and two were damaged; their crews ran the ships aground to prevent their sinking. Although the Japanese leadership knew of the Taranto attack, it did not serve as a model for the Pearl Harbor strike.

Also, during the late 1920s and 1930s U.S. aircraft carriers regularly carried out fleet maneuvers that included making simulated attacks against Pearl Harbor and the Panama Canal. During these mock attacks, the carrier planes were always able to strike their targets despite defensive aircraft and warships.

 

 
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