A Healthier,

More Educated,

Yet still

Unequal world.

The annual Gates Goalkeeper report has just been released and its data reveal that key signs of progress, such as health and education, are improving worldwide. But they are not improving equally. When it comes to realizing human potential, your birthplace and gender remain the biggest advantage or obstacle to success.

by Jason Treat,

Rosemary Wardley

and Eve Conant

Finland

North

ASIA

Eur.

America

Africa

Nigeria

SOUth

America

AuS.

Improvement in mean years of education,

2000-2017

Low

High

Low

Improvement in under-five mortality rate,

2000-2017

The more saturated the color, the more a country has improved in both metrics.

High

No data

People around the world

are healthier and better educated than ever.

Health and education are key measures for human progress. There has been significant improvement in these metrics, shown here by a country’s rate of mortality for children under five and the mean years of education for its citizens.

Progress on child mortality and education

from 2000 to 2017, by country

North America

Europe

Asia

South America

Africa

Oceania, Australia,

and New Zealand

UN Sustainable

Development Goal:

<2.5% under-five

mortality rate

0%

10%

Under-five

mortality rate

20%

UN Sustainable

Development Goal:

>12 mean years

of education

30%

0

4

8

12

16

Mean years of education

While inequality has narrowed,

it is still persistent.

Wealthy nations, such as many in Europe, were already meeting or surpassing United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. While some developing nations have made great strides, many, particularly in Africa, still fall far short.

Progress on child mortality and education

from 2000 to 2017, by country

Europe

Africa

Finland

0%

10%

Nigeria

Under-five

mortality rate

More children under five die in one day in Nigeria than in a whole year in Finland.

20%

30%

0

4

8

12

16

Mean years of education

Inequality is persistent within countries as well.

In Nigeria, progress at the local level matches the progress the world has seen at the country level. While progress has been universal, some localities still languish far behind.

Progress on child mortality

and education in Nigeria

from 2000 to 2017, by local government areas (LGAs)

LGAs in 2000

LGAs in 2017

0%

Ado-Ekiti

10%

Under-five

mortality rate

Child mortality is three times higher in Garki than Ado-Ekiti, and people have seven fewer years of schooling.

20%

Garki

30%

0

4

8

12

16

Mean years of education

Education is necessary,

but it isn’t enough.

Education alone isn’t closing the gender gap. In many countries, women are well-educated yet remain underrepresented in the workplace. Discriminatory norms and policies prevent equal access to job opportunities despite educational achievement.

Female participation in formal labor

and educational attainment

from 2000 to 2017, by country

North America

Europe

Asia

South America

Africa

Oceania, Australia,

and New Zealand

80%

Botswana and Ghana have similar education rates. But in Botswana, where women are able to work in the same industries as men, there are three times more women in the formal workforce than in Ghana.

60%

40%

Participation rate

in formal labor

Botswana

20%

Ghana

0%

0

4

8

12

16

Mean years of education

SOURCE: BILL & MELINDA GATES FOUNDATION,

2019 GOALKEEPERS REPORT.

A Healthier, More Educated,

Yet still Unequal world.

by Jason Treat, Rosemary Wardley and Eve Conant

The annual Gates Goalkeeper report has just been released and its

data reveal that key signs of progress, such as health and education,

are improving worldwide. But they are not improving equally.

When it comes to realizing human potential, your birthplace and

gender remain the biggest advantage or obstacle to success.

Progress on child mortality and education

from 2000 to 2017, by country

Improvement in mean years of education,

Low

High

Improvement in under-five mortality rate

Low

The more saturated the color, the more a country has improved in both metrics.

High

No data

Finland

North

ASIA

Europe

America

Africa

Nigeria

SOUth

America

Australia

0%

United Nations

Sustainable

Development Goal:

<2.5% under-five

mortality rate

Progress on child mortality

and education

from 2000 to 2017, by country

North America

South America

Europe

Africa

Asia

Oceania, Australia,

and New Zealand

10%

Nigeria in 2017

Under-five

mortality rate

People around the world are healthier and better educated than ever.

Nigeria in 2000

20%

Health and education are key measures for human progress. There has been significant improvement in these metrics, shown here by a country’s rate of mortality for children under five and the mean years of education for its citizens.

30%

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

United Nations Sustainable Development Goal:

>12 mean years of education

Mean years of education

Finland

Under-five mortality rate: 0.2%

Mean years of education: 12.7

0%

United Nations

Sustainable

Development Goal:

<2.5% under-five

mortality rate

Progress on child mortality

and education

from 2000 to 2017, by country

More children under five die in one day in Nigeria than in a whole year in Finland.

Europe

Africa

10%

Nigeria

Under-five mortality rate: 10.9%

Mean years of education: 9

Under-five

mortality rate

While inequality has narrowed,

it is still persistent.

20%

Wealthy nations, such as many in Europe, were already meeting or surpassing United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. While some developing nations have made great strides, many, particularly in Africa, still fall far short.

30%

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

United Nations Sustainable Development Goal:

>12 mean years of education

Mean years of education

0%

United Nations

Sustainable

Development Goal:

<2.5% under-5

mortality rate

Progress on child mortality

and education in Nigeria

from 2000 to 2017,

by local government areas (LGAs)

Ado-Ekiti

Under-five mortality rate: 5.7%

Mean years of education: 12.5

LGAs in 2000

LGAs in 2017

10%

Child mortality is three times higher in Garki than Ado-Ekiti, and people have seven fewer years of schooling.

Under-five

mortality rate

20%

Garki

Under-five mortality rate: 19.6%

Mean years of education: 5

Inequality is persistent within countries as well.

In Nigeria, progress at the local level matches the progress the world has seen at the country level. While progress has been universal, some localities still languish far behind.

16

30%

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

United Nations Sustainable Development Goal:

>12 mean years of education

Mean years of education

80%

Education is necessary, but it isn’t enough.

Male participation

Education alone isn’t closing the gender gap. In many countries, women are well-educated yet remain underrepresented in the workplace. Discriminatory norms and policies prevent equal access to job opportunities despite educational achievement.

Female participation

60%

Participation in labor and

educational attainment

from 2000 to 2018, by country

Participation rate

in formal labor

North America

40%

South America

Europe

Botswana

Participation rate in formal

labor for females: 30%

Mean years of education: 8.1

Africa

Asia

Oceania, Australia,

and New Zealand

20%

Botswana and Ghana have similar education rates. But in Botswana, where women are able to work in the same industries as men, there are three times more women in the formal workforce than in Ghana.

Ghana

Participation rate in formal

labor for females: 6.3%

Mean years of education: 7.9

0%

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

United Nations Sustainable Development Goal:

>12 mean years of education

Mean years of education

SOURCE: BILL & MELINDA GATES FOUNDATION, 2019 GOALKEEPERS REPORT.