Design and development: Brian Jacobs, Julia Smith, Vitomir Zarkovic. Maps: Martin Gamache. Video: Joe Riis. Photographs: David Guttenfelder, Charlie Hamilton James, Joe Riis. Scientific adviser: Arthur Middleton, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. GIS: Theodore A. Sickley; Matthew M. Hayes and Jerod A. Merkle, Wyoming Migration Initiative, University of Wyoming. Text: Jeremy Berlin. Map edit: Gus Platis.
Sources: Matthew Kauffman, Wyoming Migration Initiative, University Of Wyoming; James E. Meacham and Alethea Y. Steingisser, Infographics Lab, University Of Oregon; Andrew J. Hansen, Montana State University; Sarah Dewey, Ann W. Rodman, Douglas W. Smith, Daniel Stahler, Erin Stahler, and P. J. White, National Park Service; Eric Cole, National Elk Refuge; Bruce B. Ackerman and Paul Atwood, Idaho Fish and Game; Ron Aasheim, Justin Gude, Kelly Proffitt, and Neal Whitney, Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks; Alyson Courtemanch, Renny Mackay and Doug Mcwhirter, Wyoming Game and Fish Department; The Nature Conservancy, Wyoming; National Conservation Easement Database; Montana Department Of Revenue; BLM; USGS.
Bison, bear, wolf. Each animal is an emblem of Yellowstone National Park. But the true pulse of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem is the hoofbeat of elk, the park’s most abundant large mammal. The annual migrations of these great deer support a unique complex of scavengers and carnivores that, outside the park, includes human hunters.