LifeTime

Of INEQUALITY

Race and ethnicity can shape a

person’s life from beginning to

end. In the U.S., disparities in

health, wealth, and access to

education among the four major

demographic groups—Asian,

white, Hispanic, and black—

persist and can be compounded

over time. For example, blacks

and Hispanics earn less than

whites and Asians. Low wages

often make it harder to finance

a child’s education. For people

without a college degree, upward

mobility can be particularly

difficult to achieve.

FINANCES

The child poverty rate for blacks and

Hispanics is more than double the rate

for whites and Asians. Higher

unemployment rates and lower

earnings contribute to the gap.

EDUCATION

Hispanics and blacks are less likely

than Asians and whites to graduate

from high school and attend college.

Asians significantly outpace all other

groups in college enrollment.

HEALTH CARE

Blacks have higher infant mortality and

lower life expectancy than the other

groups. Yet compared with Hispanics,

who have similar diabetes rates, blacks

have more health insurance coverage.

Risky infancY

Infant deaths per thousand

live births, 2014

Asian

4

White

5

Hispanic

5

Black

11

challenging childhood

Share of children under

age 18 living in poverty, 2014

Asian

12

White

12

Hispanic

32

Black

38

Graduation gap

Graduation rate for public high

school students, 2014-15 school year

Asian

90

White

88

Hispanic

78

Black

75

Degrees for some

Rate of 18- to 24-year-olds

enrolled in college, 2015

Asian

63

42

White

Hispanic

37

Black

35

Uneven employment

Unemployment rate,

annual average, 2016

Asian

4

White

4

Hispanic

6

Black

8

EARNINGS GAP

Median hourly wage in dollars,

workers with a higher education, 2015

Asian

31

White

28

Hispanic

24

Black

24

Living without insurance

Uninsured rate, 2016

Asian

8

White

6

Hispanic

16

Black

11

Health struggles

 

Prevalence of diagnosed

diabetes in adults, 2013-15

Asian

8

7

White

Hispanic

12

Black

13

RentING vs. ownING

Homeownership rate, 2016

Asian

55

72

White

Hispanic

46

Black

42

unequal retirement

 

Share with private employer-

sponsored coverage, 2014

Asian

48

White

57

Hispanic

34

Black

50

DiSPARATE life spans

Life expectancy

at birth in years, 2015

Asian

87

79

White

Hispanic

82

Black

75

Race categories (white, black, and Asian)

exclude people of Hispanic ethnicity.

The Hispanic category includes Hispanics

of all races.

figures are percentages unless

otherwise specified.

 

LifeTime Of

INEQUALITY

FINANCES

The child poverty rate for blacks and Hispanics is more than double

the rate for whites and Asians. Higher unemployment rates and

lower earnings contribute to the gap.

Race and ethnicity can shape a person’s life from

beginning to end. In the U.S., disparities in health,

wealth, and access to education among the four major

demographic groups—Asian, white, Hispanic, and black—

persist and can be compounded over time. For example,

blacks and Hispanics earn less than whites and Asians.

Low wages often make it harder to finance a child’s

education. For people without a college degree, upward

mobility can be particularly difficult to achieve.

EDUCATION

Hispanics and blacks are less likely than Asians and whites to

graduate from high school and attend college. Asians significantly

outpace all other groups in college enrollment.

HEALTH CARE

Blacks have higher infant mortality and lower life expectancy than

the other groups. Yet compared with Hispanics, who have similar

diabetes rates, blacks have more health insurance coverage.

Graduation gap

Risky infancY

challenging childhood

Infant deaths per thousand

live births, 2014

Share of children under

age 18 living in poverty, 2014

Graduation rate for public high

school students, 2014-15 school year

Asian

Asian

Asian

4

12

90

White

White

White

5

12

88

Hispanic

Hispanic

Hispanic

5

32

78

Black

Black

Black

11

38

75

Degrees for some

Rate of 18- to 24-year-olds

enrolled in college, 2015

Asian

63

42

White

Hispanic

37

Black

35

Living without insurance

EARNINGS GAP

Uneven employment

Uninsured rate, 2016

Median hourly wage in dollars,

workers with a higher education, 2015

Unemployment rate,

annual average, 2016

Asian

Asian

Asian

8

31

4

White

White

White

6

28

4

Hispanic

Hispanic

Hispanic

16

24

6

Black

Black

Black

11

24

8

DiSPARATE life spans

Life expectancy

at birth in years, 2015

Asian

87

79

White

Health struggles

 

RentING vs. ownING

unequal retirement

 

Hispanic

82

Prevalence of diagnosed

diabetes in adults, 2013-15

Homeownership rate, 2016

Share with private employer-

sponsored coverage, 2014

Black

75

Asian

Asian

Asian

8

55

48

White

7

72

57

White

White

Hispanic

Hispanic

Hispanic

12

46

34

Black

Black

Black

13

42

50

Race categories (white, black, and Asian) exclude people of Hispanic ethnicity.

The Hispanic category includes Hispanics of all races.

figures are percentages unless otherwise specified.