<p><strong>Meet the new rock star of <a id="coxf" title="Madagascar" href="http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/madagascar-guide/">Madagascar</a>: a potentially new species of fork-marked lemur.</strong></p><p>The creature's theatrics—an unusual head-bobbing and a loud, high-pitched call—helped scientists detect the lemur recently in Daraina, a protected area of northeastern Madagascar, Conservation International (CI) announced this week.<strong><br></strong></p><p>The squirrel-size critter was first spotted in 1995 by current CI president <a id="x21l" title="Russell Mittermeier" href="http://www.conservation.org/newsroom/experts/Pages/mittermeier.aspx">Russell Mittermeier</a>, but it wasn't until October that a team including Mittermeier went back to the dry forests to look again—discovering one male, pictured. (Related: <a id="kclw" title="&quot;Three New Lemurs Discovered, Add to Madagascar&amp;squot;s Diversity.&quot;" href="http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/06/060626-lemurs-africa.html">"Three New Lemurs Discovered, Add to Madagascar's Diversity."</a>)</p><p>The animal has "a somewhat different color pattern" from the four other known fork-marked lemur species, all of which have black, Y-shaped lines that start above each eye and merge as a single line on top of the head. Genetic testing will reveal if the new lemur is indeed the fifth known fork-marked species.</p><p>"This is yet another remarkable discovery from the island of Madagascar, the world's highest priority biodiversity hot spot and one of the most extraordinary places in our planet," Mittermeier said in a statement.</p><p>"It is particularly remarkable that we continue to find new species of lemurs and many other plants and animals in this heavily impacted country, which has already lost 90 percent or more of its original vegetation."</p>

Head-Bobbing Lemur

Meet the new rock star of Madagascar: a potentially new species of fork-marked lemur.

The creature's theatrics—an unusual head-bobbing and a loud, high-pitched call—helped scientists detect the lemur recently in Daraina, a protected area of northeastern Madagascar, Conservation International (CI) announced this week.

The squirrel-size critter was first spotted in 1995 by current CI president Russell Mittermeier, but it wasn't until October that a team including Mittermeier went back to the dry forests to look again—discovering one male, pictured. (Related: "Three New Lemurs Discovered, Add to Madagascar's Diversity.")

The animal has "a somewhat different color pattern" from the four other known fork-marked lemur species, all of which have black, Y-shaped lines that start above each eye and merge as a single line on top of the head. Genetic testing will reveal if the new lemur is indeed the fifth known fork-marked species.

"This is yet another remarkable discovery from the island of Madagascar, the world's highest priority biodiversity hot spot and one of the most extraordinary places in our planet," Mittermeier said in a statement.

"It is particularly remarkable that we continue to find new species of lemurs and many other plants and animals in this heavily impacted country, which has already lost 90 percent or more of its original vegetation."

Photograph by Russell A. Mittermeier, Conservation International

Pictures: New Head-Bobbing Lemur Found in Madagascar?

Meet the new rock star of Madagascar: an odd lemur species with head-bobbing theatrics, a high-pitched call, big feet, and a long tongue.

Read This Next

What drives elephant poaching? It’s not greed
How old are you, really? The answer is written on your face.
The rise of vegan safaris

Go Further

Subscriber Exclusive Content

Why are people so dang obsessed with Mars?

How viruses shape our world

The era of greyhound racing in the U.S. is coming to an end

See how people have imagined life on Mars through history

See how NASA’s new Mars rover will explore the red planet

Why are people so dang obsessed with Mars?

How viruses shape our world

The era of greyhound racing in the U.S. is coming to an end

See how people have imagined life on Mars through history

See how NASA’s new Mars rover will explore the red planet

Why are people so dang obsessed with Mars?

How viruses shape our world

The era of greyhound racing in the U.S. is coming to an end

See how people have imagined life on Mars through history

See how NASA’s new Mars rover will explore the red planet