The seahorse is a very unusual animal. Sure, it's a fish, but it's also so un-fish-like. Along with its horse-shaped head, it has eyes like a chameleon that can move independently and a prehensile tail that, similar to a hand, can grip objects. There's also 47 diverse species and counting that we're starting to get to know.

But as we grow our understanding of these unique creatures, the data is also making us realize that seahorses need our help. Their primary habitats consisting of mangroves, estuaries, and coral reefs are most susceptible to human-made problems, like pollution, climate change, and destructive fishing methods. Leading to a fact for certain, it's time we start paying more attention to seahorses.

Dive deep into the world of animals, science, and natural history in our original video series Nat Geo Explores.

The National Geographic Society, committed to illuminating and protecting the wonder of our world, has funded Explorer Heather Koldewey's work. Learn more about the Society’s support of Explorers.

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