As seasonal changes really get underway in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres, sky-watchers around the world can look up to get their best views of a giant asteroid as it zooms past Earth and to gaze at a double stream of bright meteors pulled apart by Jupiter’s massive gravitational field.
So dust off those binoculars, and get set to explore the night sky this month.
South Taurid Meteor Shower Peaks—November 5
The annual Taurid meteor shower is a celestial double feature: The original stream of comet debris has been tugged apart over time by gravitational effects from passing planets, resulting in two groupings of Taurid meteors with different peak times.
Look for the southern shower to radiate from its namesake constellation Taurus, the bull, in the eastern sky during the predawn hours of the 5th. While this shower is really more of a trickle, with rates of no more than 10 shootings stars an hour, it makes up for the low activity with dazzling brightness. Taurids are known to be larger than average meteors, so they can produce visually impressive fireballs.
Moon Visits Saturn—November 11
Look toward the low southwest sky an hour after local sunset to see the crescent moon paired up with bright, yellow-colored Saturn. Viewers with a backyard telescope can also use the opportunity to spy on the planet’s famous rings and large moons.
North Taurid Meteor Shower Peaks—November 12
Beginning late on the 11th and into the following morning, stargazers in mid-northern latitudes will be able to watch the peak of the North Taurid meteor shower. The individual meteors will also appear to radiate from the constellation Taurus, which will be riding high in the southern sky during the overnight hours. Sky-watchers away from city lights may see about 10 to 15 shooting stars an hour, including potential fireballs.
Mars Meets Moon—November 15
About half an hour after local sunset, look halfway up the southern sky to see Mars paired up with the waxing gibbous moon. The two objects will only be three degrees apart, a separation equal to the width of your three middle fingers held at arm’s length.
The red planet is quickly getting fainter and smaller in our sky throughout this month. As such, telescope observers will get their best views of Mars’ surface features in the next few weeks before its disk shrinks.
Leonid Meteor Shower Peak—November 17
Wait late into the night on the 17th and into the following early morning, and you’ll witness the peak of the annual Leonid meteor shower. In most years, this shower shines with as many as 20 shooting stars an hour visible from the dark countryside. This year, however, the full moon will unfortunately drown out all but the brightest shooting stars. With lunar glare in the way, your best shot to see meteors will be in the predawn hours, while the moon is setting in the west.
Asteroid Juno at Opposition—November 17
At about 160 miles wide, the asteroid Juno should be easily visible with binoculars or small telescopes as it makes its closest approach to Earth since 2005. The space rock will zoom within 92,955,806 miles of our planet, and it won’t come this close again until 2031.
To find Juno, look toward the Eridanus constellation, next to Orion and Taurus, rising in the east near local midnight. Juno will appear to be just over one degree west of the faint star 32 Eridani. The best way to identify and track Juno is to photograph or sketch the same star field over a couple of nights—the “star” that moves is the asteroid.
Moon Buzzes Beehive—November 27
Watch the eastern horizon before sunrise for the waning gibbous moon to pair with the Beehive star cluster. A pair of binoculars will easily resolve the cluster into its dozens of member stars.