Photograph by Claire Thomas
Read Caption

A yawning camel poses in front of the monumental Pyramids at Giza.

Photograph by Claire Thomas

Why Now is the Best Time to Visit the Great Pyramids

Visit the Giza Plateau on summer solstice for an unusual view.

Archaeologist and Nat Geo Explorer Yukinori Kawae has made a career of examining the nooks and crannies of the Giza Plateau’s Great Pyramid, just outside Cairo, Egypt. Researchers recently discovered a room above the pyramid’s Grand Gallery in what Kawae says could be “the archaeological find of the century.” He suggests visiting in May or June and especially on the summer solstice (June 21), because the sun sets between pyramids, creating the hieroglyphic sign “Akhet,” which means horizon.

Great Pyramid

Completed around 2500 B.C. for Pharaoh Khufu, this pyramid contains “the first granite burial chamber in the history of ancient Egypt,” says Kawae, noting that experts believe building this sarcophagus would have taken 27 years (also about the length of Khufu’s reign). While you’re outside the pyramid, notice all the people around you. “You can imagine how it was a crowded place,” he says, “busy with ancient builders.”

View Images

The Sphinx, one of the oldest statues in the world, is a mysterious limestone monument with the body of a lion and a pharaoh's head.


From the Great Pyramid, it’s a short stroll across the sandy plateau to the Sphinx, one of the oldest statues in the world. Kawae advises walking between the massive paws of the 4,500-year-old structure to find a vertical stone slab. Hieroglyphics carved into this “Dream Stela” tell the story of the prince who made a bargain with the sun god to become Pharaoh Thutmose IV.

View Images

The well-preserved tomb of Meresankh III was discovered in 1927.


Aside from the soaring pyramids, flat-roofed tombs (or mastabas) are all over the Giza Plateau. Kawae’s pick? The double mastaba of Khufu’s granddaughter Meresankh III. Located in the plateau’s eastern cemetery along with a rock chapel, the well-preserved tomb was discovered by archaeologists in 1927. “You can still see the colors,” says Kawae, “and enjoy standing in the place where Khufu’s family was laid to rest.”

This story appears in the June/July 2018 issue of National Geographic Traveler magazine.
3-D Technology Offers Clues to How Egypt’s Pyramids Were Built Archeologist Yukinori Kawae is leading an interdisciplinary approach to studying the Egyptian pyramids by combining computer science, 3-D data, and the latest technology to help decode how and why the pyramids were built.