Nearly half of all fish species live in fresh water, which means they swim in the rivers, lakes, and wetlands that make up less than 3 percent of Earth’s water supply. There are more than 800 known freshwater fish species in North America alone. Worldwide, the number is over 10,000 species.
Some species of freshwater fish, such as salmon and trout, are called anadromous. They hatch in fresh water, head out to sea, where they live until they return to fresh water to reproduce. Then there are catadromousspecies, or those that do it in reverse, such as freshwater eels. These animals hatch at sea, live most of their lives in fresh water, then return to the ocean to reproduce.
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