A 360-Degree View From the World's Tallest Building

Our photographer used interactive images to capture Dubai's towering heights.

Photographer Luca Locatelli captures a 360 view of Dubai—and a selfie—from an observation deck at the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building at 2,717 feet (828 meters). The panorama reveals Dubai’s evolving skyline—its population has doubled in the last decade, to its current 2.7 million, and it’s on track to double again by 2030. Below, the city’s oval-shaped opera house is visible, the centerpiece of a new district designed to encourage pedestrian traffic in what has been historically a car-centered city.

Dubai is a city of world records. It has the largest man-made island, the largest indoor amusement park, the largest building in the world, 163 stories to the top. Now it’s aiming for its most audacious ambition: The booming desert city that a decade ago had the world's largest environmental footprint, wants to become, by the year 2050, the most sustainable city on Earth.

At the Green Planet, the photographer uncovered one of the city’s unexpected landscapes: a rain forest habitat that shelters more than 3,000 species of plants and animals. Walkways traverse four levels around an 82-foot artificial tree. The structure itself is one of Dubai's new "green buildings," compliant with higher standards for energy efficiency and materials.

In “The World's Most Improbable Green City,” National Geographic explored how the city is expanding into renewable energy and more sustainable building. We asked Milan-based photographer Luca Locatelli to capture the scale of Dubai and go behind the scenes to show readers its inner workings, such as the water desalinization plant—without that process, Dubai would run out of water in four days.

Locatelli was a natural fit for the assignment. He’d covered oil-rich Saudi Arabia’s efforts to diversify into renewable energy, massive wind farms in Germany—his first assignment for National Geographic—and Singapore’s bid to be Asia’s greenest city. At Mecca, he photographed the sprawling developments around the Kaaba (the Grand Mosque), and he took stunning images of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Switzerland, and inside a Bombardier factory where high-speed trains are built.

To capture the desert city’s bold style, the photographer went to Ski Dubai, often seen as an emblem of its energy footprint. Located inside the Mall of the Emirates, the snow park features five runs; visitors can also opt to travel downhill by tube or zorb ball. Inspired by the success of Dubai’s slope, Barcelona is building one in its center, but says it will be carbon-neutral.

But Dubai was a new challenge. How do you bring new light to one of the most photographed cities on the planet? With an arsenal of camera equipment, including drones, wide-angle lenses, and a 360 camera. Most of Locatelli’s work wasn’t photographing but negotiating for access. Any tourist with 125 AED (about $35) can visit the top of the Burj, but to fly drones around a field of solar panels and to extend a 360-view from the tallest building on Earth were feats of persuasion. “People usually want to know exactly what you’re trying to show,” says Locatelli.

He found that even in places flooded with tourists’ smartphones—like at the top of the Burj Khalifa—a new angle could show a wider piece of the action, and in the process, tell a richer story. “The people who visit these places aren’t part of the story, so I wanted to show them,” he says of the article's opening image. Check out that photograph and others in the feature story.

This article is part of our Urban Expeditions series, an initiative made possible by a grant from United Technologies to the National Geographic Society.